Brownielocks and The 3 Bears
Did you know that the
tradition of slapping a "high five" as a celebration of success goes
way back to the 1931 Rose Bowl? The game was Alabama University vs.
Washington University. A player for the Alabama team named Fogerty,
carried the ball 25 times. Each time he carried it, he would gain 5 yards
exactly! To show their support and joy, his teammates would slap each
other's palms. This soon caught on to the fans and then to the public and
became known as exchanging or giving a "high five."
Fogerty also got the nickname as "Five-Yard" Fogerty. He went on to play professional football until his career ended due to breaking his leg in a skiing accident. That didn't defeat him. He went on to become the president of a bank in Wichita, Kansas until he died.
The Rose Bowl has been around for over 100 years. There's a lot of history. This page can't possibly cover it all. I've tried to present the most interesting information for my visitors rather than a lot of football game & players tidbits through the years. I'll leave that up to the sports stats guys.
Back in 1901, the President of The Tournament of Roses Association was James Wagner. He wasn't a hometown boy and was fairly new to the city. He had lived in the East. But, he was made president because of his reputation for having great business skills. It was also felt that he would know what would attract Easterners to the area (to bring in money).
So, when Wagner guaranteed $3,500 to cover the expenses of bringing the University of Michigan and Stanford University's footballs teams to Pasadena to play, people gasped! He said that they would charge 50 cents to $1 to see the game. And, an additional $1 would be charged to admit a family's horse and buggy to the grounds. This incensed the public because it meant that the game would be for the moneyed classes only.
And, even if it was.... Wagner's opposition really didn't think that the public would come to a silly football game even if it was free!
People did come. The first game in 1902 had 8,000 in attendance. Needless to say, Wagner grossed $7,500 and made more than his promised $3,500.
Eventually, the proceeds soon grew because of radio and television broadcasts income. And, Wagner's persistence resulted in making New Year's Day have an entirely new significance. Ironically, only a few months prior, the Tournament of Roses Association board wanted to change the date to Washington's Birthday.
The answer is simple: Money!
James Wagner was expanding on Dr. Charles Frederick Holder's (Founder of the Tournament of Roses Parade) idea of coming up with something distinctive for Pasadena to not only unite it's citizens, but to bring in visitors and tourist money.
Dr. Charles Holder's reason for The Tournament of Roses Parade was to attract visitors to the Pasadena area and raise money. *James Wagner had said, "For twelve years the Tournament has lived with nothing to show after holding each program but the memory of a successful day. The present plan not only assures a financial success, it does more. It brings together two football teams of national reputation, Stanford and Michigan, which will generate an item of news on the morning of January 2."
His statement was a bit modest. If only he knew that years later television broadcasts, sports news and newspapers would be running the results of the Rose Bowl parade following the game. But, they also would be talking about it weeks before the game to predict the winner!
Believe it or not, back in 1902 getting players wasn't as easy as you would think. The California "Golden Bears" were invited, but declined. (The reasons are debatable but President Wagner accused them of having cold feet.) So, Wagner looked at the Michigan "Wolverines" who had a fantastic winning record that year under their coach, Fielding Harris Yost. Coach Yost cockily accepted. He also had a private score to settle because he had also been a coach at Stanford the previous year (with an undefeated season). He was irked by a recent rule making it mandatory for Stanford to hire only coaches who had graduated from Stanford. This rule is the one that cost Yost his coaching job there because he didn't go to Stanford. So, to have a chance for his Michigan team to play against his ex-employer, the Stanford U team, was a bit of an ego challenge and matter of pride to him.
And, so we all know the outcome of that very first game in 1902. Michigan literally trounced over Stanford by a score of 49 to 0.
But, then there seemed to be a bit of "sore loser" tone in the presses after this win. Why? First, Stanford's linesman was a second cousin of President Theodore Roosevelt (in office at the time) but, also a lot of the newspapers were giving a lot of criticism to Michigan's win. (Well, I'm sure it wasn't exciting to watch for the losing team.) Even though this football game made enough money to put a down payment on some permanent land to build a stadium, the Tournament Association dumped the idea of having a football game after the parade. As a result, they decided to go back to their standard sports competition that they had been doing = chariot racing.
The inspiration for these
were from the book, Ben Hur.
From 1904 to 1915 they had chariot races after the parade. Actually some debate the authenticity of the races from 1908 to 1915. Why? Because in 1907 there was a bad accident. Tournament President, Ed T. Off was driving one of the chariots, when the noise of crowd and some vehicles frightened his horses causing them to suddenly bolt off madly. When mounted rescuers closed in around the chariot, the horses fell, throwing Mr. Off under their wild legs and hooves. Fortunately, Mr. Off managed to get free and wasn't seriously injured. But, that ended "genuine" chariot races. From then on the races were staged by professionals and some say that the results were even "fixed." Slowly the crowds lacked interest in going to them. What to do? By this time football was growing in popularity among the common man and not just college kids. So, Tournament manager, A.J. Bertonneu was the first to suggest an East vs. West football game on New Year's Day. And, so, in 1916 football returned to Pasadena on New Year's Day
In 1897 ten acres of land in an area of Pasadena, CA known as the Arroyo Seco were purchased by the city. Arroyo Seco in Spanish means dry wash. And, the land back then wasn't what we know it today. It was unattractive and full of tangled debris and boulders. Long before Pasadena became a city, the Arroyo Seco was popular with the Spanish for sporting events like bullfighting, hunting wildcats and boar. Therefore, many felt this location was fitting for sports.
The name "tournament" came from the previous competitions of the chariot races. The title of "Rose Bowl" was given by Dusty (Harlan) F. Hall, a publicist of the Tournament of Roses. The word "bowl" sort of stirs up the imagination of the fans regardless of the fact that the Rose Bowl stadium isn't even round. It's shaped more like a horseshoe. When it was originally built, it was called "The Stadium on Stilts" and held 52,000 people. And, contrary to what people might assume, there wasn't a rosebush to be found at first. Today, there are 20,000 or more bushes on the stadium's grounds.
First: How do we pay for this? The plan was to finance the building of this stadium from the money made in future games to pay off the loan and offering subscription tickets for $100 each. As with all building plans, nothing costs as you originally figure on. Right? Well, in the beginning they had stated it would cost $10 a seat. Later on, that figure ended up being $90 a seat! The final cost was $272,198.26 Later on, the 52,000 capacity was increased to 76,000. As the Rose Bowl grew popular, so grew the stadium. In 1932 it was increased to hold 83,677, then in 1949 to 100,807 and in 1972 to 104,696. Today, the seating capacity is 92,542 with a record crowd in 1973 of 106,869.
Second: How to build on this rocky land? Tournament President, William L. Leishman pictured the stadium like the Yale Bowl. Myron Hunt was the architect hired to design the stadium and William A. Taylor was the man hired to build it. But, as I said above, the land was full of boulders. All those rocks blocked attempts to reach the planned depths of the stadium floor for the engineers. Because of this, the crown of the playing field is higher that that of the lowest box seats. This requires those seated there to look up to see the game. These rocks also presented a little problem for several years afterwards, --- all those rocks caused hassles with the automobiles for parking.
The official Rose Bowl
stadium dedication was on New Years Day, 1923.
And, in 1987 it was designated to the National Register of Historic Places.
The game was played in Tournament Park. (The stadium wasn't built yet) The teams were Washington State vs. Brown. And, the Washington State players were in California for two reasons: One was to play in the Rose Bowl game. Two was to be in the movies! Their coach, William H. Dietz had gotten them a movie deal on the side. In the movie, "Tom Brown of Harvard" his team was suppose to supply the football action as movie extras. Each player made approximately $100 for 14 days of work. Even after the Rose Bowl game, Coach Dietz continued to be a movie fan all of his life. Forty-five years after the Rose Bowl game, he became a drama critic in Pittsburgh.
World War I practically put an end to football! Why? Most players signed up to serve in the military rather than stay and play football in college. And, the general population was rather against public fun. But then, George Creel, President Woodrow Wilson's publicity man saved the Rose Bowl game of 1918! When the Tournament officials offered to cancel, it was Creel who put the official approval on the game by stating,* "I don't know how such a celebration would interfere with the government's war activities." Then on November 23, 1917 President Wilson sent a telegram to the Tournament President, B.O. Kendall stating,* "I think the normal life of the country should be continued in every way possible." So the Association agreed to have the game. But, they also agreed that the net receipts from it would be turned over to the Red Cross.
Then came December 7, 1941. The Rose Bowl suddenly was secondary to Pearl Harbor and the shadow of war. Many on the West Coast had wartime nervousness. A lot of cities had blackout regulations. General John L. DeWitt, who was in command of the Sixth Army Headquarters in San Francisco ordered that all Pacific Coast sports events be cancelled. His reasoning was that the large gathering of people made excellent targets. He wasn't going to take any chances! Unlike the Rose Bowl game during WWI, this time no one felt having it would be good for citizen moral. As a result, the entire Tournament of Roses events were all off--- even the parade. The Santa Anita horse track was also shut down. Because the East-West Shrine game got moved to New Orleans (from San Francisco), this gave the Tournament Association an idea! Let's move the Rose Bowl!
So, the 1942 Rose Bowl game was moved across the country to Durham, North Carolina due to the attack on Pearl Harbor just a few weeks prior to the game.
The teams were Oregon State vs. Duke U. It was Coach Wallace Wade of Duke University that suggested the Rose Bowl game be played at Duke Stadium in North Carolina. Duke Stadium had a seating capacity of 35,000 but for the game they increased seating to 56,000 by installing temporary bleachers. Even though the game was on Duke's home turf, they lost. Oregon won 20 to 16.
So, who's played in the
Rose Bowl? Who's won? Who's lost?
Below is a listing from current to past years of the college teams and the scores:
|2019||Ohio 28, Washington 23|
|2018||Georgia 54, Oklahoma 48|
|2017||USC 52, Penn State 49|
|2016||Stanford 45, Iowa 16|
|2015||Oregon 59, Florida 20|
|2014||Michigan State 24, Stanford 20|
|2013||Stanford 20, Wisconsin 14|
|2012||Oregon 45, Wisconsin 38|
|2011||Texas Christian U 21, Wisconsin 19|
|2010||Ohio State 26, Oregon 17|
|2009||USC38, Penn State 14|
|2008||USC 49, Illinois 17|
|2007||USC 32, Michigan 18|
|2006||Texas 41, Southern Cal 38|
|2005||Texas 38, Michigan 37|
|2004||Southern Cal 28, Michigan 14|
|2003||Oklahoma 34, Washington State 14|
|2002||Washington 34, Purdue 24|
|2001||Washington 34, Purdue 24|
|2000||Wisconsin 17, Stanford 9|
|1999||Wisconsin 38, UCLA 31|
|1998||Michigan 21, Washington State 16|
|1997||Ohio State 20, Arizona State 17|
|1996||USC 41, Northwestern 32|
|1995||Penn State 38, Oregon 20|
|1994||Wisconsin 21, UCLA 16|
|1993||Michigan 38, Washington 31|
|1992||Washington 34, Michigan 14|
|1991||Washington 46, Iowa 34|
|1990||USC 17, Michigan 10|
|1989||Michigan 22, USC 14|
|1988||Michigan State 20, USC 17|
|1987||Arizona State 22, Michigan 15|
|1986||UCLA 45, Iowa 28|
|1985||USC 20, Ohio State 17|
|1984||UCLA 45, Illinois 9|
|1983||UCLA 24, Michigan 14|
|1982||Washington 28, Iowa 0|
|1981||Michigan 23, Washington 6|
|1980||USC 17, Ohio State 16|
|1979||USC 17, Michigan 10|
|1978||Washington 27, Michigan 20|
|1977||USC 14, Michigan 6|
|1976||UCLA 23, Ohio State 10|
|1975||USC 18, Ohio State 17|
|1974||Ohio State 42, USC 21|
|1973||USC 42, Ohio State 17|
|1972||Stanford 13, Michigan 12|
|1971||Stanford 27, Ohio State 17|
|1970||USC 10, Michigan 3|
|1969||Ohio State 27, USC 16|
|1968||USC 14, Indiana 3|
|1967||Purdue 14, USC 13|
|1966||UCLA 14, Michigan State 12|
|1965||Michigan 34, Oregon State 7|
|1964||Illinois 17, Washington 7|
|1963||USC 42, Wisconsin 37|
|1962||Minnesota 21, UCLA 3|
|1961||Washington 17, Minnesota 7|
|1960||Washington 44, Wisconsin 8|
|1959||Iowa 38, California 12|
|1958||Ohio State 10, Oregon 7|
|1957||Iowa 35, Oregon State 19|
|1956||Michigan State 17, UCLA 14|
|1955||Ohio State 20, USC 7|
|1954||Michigan State 28, UCLA 20|
|1953||USC 7, Wisconsin 0|
|1952||Illinois 40, Stanford 7|
|1951||Michigan 14, California 6|
|1950||Ohio State 17, California 14|
|1949||Northwestern 20, California 14|
|1948||Michigan 49, USC 0|
|1947||Illinois 45, UCLA 14|
|1946||Alabama 34, USC 14|
|1945||USC 25, Tennessee 0|
|1944||USC 29, Washington 0|
|1943||Georgia 9, UCLA 0|
|1942||Oregon State 20, Duke 16 (at Durham, N.C.)|
|1941||Stanford 21, Nebraska 13|
|1940||USC 14, Tennessee 0|
|1939||USC 7, Duke 3|
|1938||California 13, Alabama 0|
|1937||Pittsburgh 21, Washington 0|
|1936||Stanford 7, SMU 0|
|1935||Alabama 29, Stanford 13|
|1934||Columbia 7, Stanford 0|
|1933||USC 35, Pittsburgh 0|
|1932||USC 21, Tulane 12|
|1931||Alabama 24, Washington State 0|
|1930||USC 47, Pittsburgh 14|
|1929||Georgia Tech 8, California 7|
|1928||Stanford 7, Pittsburgh 6|
|1927||Alabama 7, Stanford 7|
|1926||Alabama 20, Washington 19|
|1925||Notre Dame 27, Stanford 10|
|1924||Navy 14, Washington 14|
|1923||USC 14, Penn State 3|
|1922||California 0, Washington & Jefferson 0|
|1921||California 28, Ohio State 0|
|1920||Harvard 7, Oregon 6|
|1919||Great Lakes 17, Mare Island 0|
|1918||Mare Island 19, Camp Lewis 7|
|1917||Oregon 14, Pennsylvania 0|
|1916||Washington State 14, Brown 0|
|1902||Michigan 49, Stanford 0|
The first football game played in the stadium was between the U of
Calif. (Golden Bears) and the U of Southern California (Trojans) on
October 28, 1922.
The stadium wasn't "officially" the Rose Bowl Stadium yet.
|The Rose Bowl Stadium was used for a practice area for athletes in the 1932 Los Angeles Olympic games.|
|The Rose Bowl Stadium has hosted 5 NFL Super Bowl games.|
In 1925 it became the site of the first wire photo transmission of a bowl game.
In 1926, the first local radio broadcast of the Rose Bowl game was on Pasadena station KPSN. The radio announcer was Charles Paddock.
In 1927 NBC did a transcontinental radio broadcast of the Rose Bowl game, which was a first. Later in 1952, NBC broadcast the game on television in B&W. Then in 1962 NBC was the first to broadcast a football game in color.
In 1948, Los Angeles television station KTLA telecast the first broadcast of a college football game, which was the Rose Bowl.
The first Spanish translation of a game was the Rose Bowl in 1988.
You might also want to visit our
Source of Information:
"America's New Year Celebration. The Rose Parade & Rose Bowl Game"
Albion Publishing Group, Santa Barbara, CA © 1999
Note: Sentences with an * before them are direct quotes from the book.
"The Rose Bowl
Game" by Rube Samuelsen
Doubleday Company and Inc. © 1951
"Useless Knowledge" by
Joe Edelman and David Samson
St. Martin's Press, NY, NY © 2002
ESPN.com for the game stats through the years.